(Functional Movement Screen)
The FMS advocates that first mobilization, then stabilization, then the correct movement and the last force must be loaded.
FMS; weak neuromuscular control is a system used to assess the quality of movement pattern in athletes because it is thought to increase the risk of acute injury (1). In order to protect from injury and to increase the performance of the sport, correct movement patterns are required during physical activities and sporting events. For this reason, football clubs pay a million dollars to prevent injury to football players. The FMS is a very important guide for sports professionals working in sports clubs.
The system, developed by Gray Cook, Lee Burton and Keith Fields, is an exercise modeling based on incorrect movement patterns in athletes and physical activity, by determining muscle imbalances and some important movement limitations and correcting these limitations. Deficiencies that occur during movement should be evaluated. After this evaluation, the heart of the FMS system, Corrective Exercise applications are introduced. These corrective exercises are regularly applied within the FMS system to correct the athlete’s existing problem. Pre-season or off-season practices reduce the injury potential of athletes. Before athletes are directed to a target or placed in a competitive environment, the body must be free of restrictions and the imbalances must be eliminated.
The FMS detects the limits in the upper-lower, right-left, front-rear parts of the body through 7 movements.
- Deep Squatting
- High Step
- Cross Step
- Shoulder Mobility
- Active Flat Leg Lift
- Body Stability
- Rotation Stability
The FMS assessment is based on a 7-point scoring system. Athletes get one point for each move. The painless and perfect application of the movement represents 3 points. The movement gets 2 points with some compensations and painless. If the movement fails completely, it gets 1 point. If you feel pain during the application, you get 0 points. (2) The athlete who performs the whole test without any pain and perfect movements can collect 21 points. This scoring will determine the corrective exercise for the athlete.
The 7 functional movements within the FMS system represent the movements of the human body within the locomotor system. These movements are more and more in the football game. Movements such as walking, running, jumping, sliding sideways will increase the risk of injury unless applied in the correct pattern.
FMS is basically; first, all the body joints are mobile. Then the static and dynamic stabilization of these joints must be smooth, which is especially important in sports where sudden turns, such as football, acceleration and deceleration. A stable joint can then be able to apply the correct movement perfectly. When these three subjects reach the desired level, however, strength training should be done. In short, the FMS advocates that first mobilization, then stabilization, then the correct movement and the last force must be loaded.